Shortened link for this post: http://is.gd/twitteradvice
Post originally created in 2012, updated significantly in 2016.
Table of contents
00. Preamble A bit of background to the post, skip to "10" if you just want to get on with it.
10. The basics Upload a photo / picture (avatar), add a bio, offer some basic proof that you're who you say you are
15. Quick start guide - suggestions for joining Twitter with minimum fuss, safely
20. What sort of welcome will you receive? Are you going to be spending all your time fending off rude comments?
21. Some reasons not to be on Twitter
22. Trolls and bullies
23. Don't be a dick
30. Do you chat to your friends or strangers on the internet already? Do you already use Facebook or other services, is Twitter likely to come naturally to you?
31. How have your famous chums found using Twitter? Your peer group can probably give you much better advice than I can!
32. You are also sharing information about who you're friends with, or not - it's a very public medium.
33. Your privacy, again - you'll know when people are talking about you
34. Watch out for fake accounts - is someone impersonating your friend(s) to get at you?
35. Your email address can give you away - if your email address is in their mail programme's contact list / address book (they can authorise Twitter to search it and find you, but you can avert this)
40. What will you tweet about? Is it going to be all 'me, me, me' promoting yourself or your stuff or will you interact with others?
50. Are you going to tweet or will it be "your people"? Preferably it's you, but who has the keys to your account?
60. How will you format your replies to people? Twitter etiquette and how to avoid making a confused mess with your tweeting
70. Oops I shouldn't have tweeted that How to make mistakes gracefully...
80. Examples of where it's all gone a bit wrong
90. Examples of where it's gone right
100. Further reading
110. Edit log (changes to this post)
Why I wrote this post in the first place
The other day (in 2012) I spotted a question on Quora from someone who was trying to persuade an actor friend to join Twitter. I was a bit intrigued by this and followed it to come back to later, and maybe add a comment (as of 2016 it doesn't seem to have been answered). While I don’t follow that many 'celebrities' on Twitter I do rather enjoy the ones that I do (Jonathan Ross who tweets as @Wossy is delightful and Wil Wheaton @wilw is very entertaining too and has a blog), and it’s always nice to get a sense of someone via a medium that’s different from the one you might know them in.
I’m not a celebrity and don’t know anything about being one, so it’s quite reasonable to think that I’ve got no business trying to offer advice to people who might be. Let’s charitably assume though that after several years of being on Twitter (I started using it in June 2008) I might have picked up something useful.
To ensure I wasn’t reinventing the wheel I searched Google for advice celebrities Twitter and found this amusing little video from the BBC (you need to click a button to say you’re over 16 to watch it). It pretty much says everything that you’d expect it to, while slyly poking fun at the people who’ve made some amusing / schadenfreude-y errors on Twitter in the past.
I also found several types of information:
- Advice to members of the public about which celebrities to follow or how to get celebrities to tweet you.
- Advice to members of the public about how to become a celebrity via Twitter
- Mocking celebrities for having written apparently dumb things in their tweets while trying to give advice
- Advice to celebrities on how not to make a total arse of themselves on Twitter while hopefully getting something out of it themselves and having a nice time with fans.
So... this is advice for people who are already in the public eye and who might be thinking about signing up to Twitter.
But why might someone who’s already famous but not yet on Twitter want to start using Twitter? I’m not certain that they automatically would and hope that no-one’s being pressured into doing so from their publicists (or fans for that matter). It’s not for everyone and I can only imagine that how well someone takes to it depends in part on their personality (there are some other factors too). I think there's potentially a great deal more to lose if you're already well known and join Twitter, but obviously there are a lot of potential gains.
People can talk about you on Twitter (and even damage your reputation to some extent) even if you're not using it yourself
Even if you're not on Twitter it's useful to know something about it. People will often tweet to say that they've seen you or met you, and to pass comment on you. A couple of dramatic examples include a woman who was chatted up by a man while they were both on a flight, and who tweeted about the man. Her followers found it highly amusing and also worked out who he was from the information he'd given her and which she relayed to her followers (see Section 33). Another, from the non-famous-people domain, was the on-train breakup of a couple which was live tweeted by someone in the same carriage (this has happened several times since I originally wrote this post).
Twitter is a great way for you to connect with fans with a sense of immediacy that perhaps doesn't really come from any other medium. It can also let you put forward your side of an 'argument' or correct misinformation - you can also change people's misperceptions about you, although this can obviously work both ways! Depending on your 'star power' you can also make a bit of money through Twitter, either by promoting your brand or products but also by having sponsored tweets. Personally I think this is a bit of a cross to the dark side but I understand Kim Kardashian gets paid several thousand per tweet.
Here's the post -
10. The basics
Upload a photo / picture (avatar), add a bio, offer some basic proof that you're who you say you are.
Make sure you upload (any) picture to get rid of the default 'egg' picutre, it doesn't have to be a photo. Add a brief bio. As there are a lot of spoof accounts on Twitter people might well ask how we can tell if it's you. "Cross-linking" your accounts can help: if you have a website link to it in your bio (or point to your IMDB page) and make sure your own website points back to your Twitter profile. This is often used as a reasonable proxy for verifying accounts while you're waiting for Twitter to do its formal verification. You can add a website link in the space for that but you can also include a link directly in your bio so you're not restricted to one.
You can also ask other well-known verified accounts to vouch for you. Stephen Fry did this for Hugh Bonneville, although as it happens I was already following him as he'd tweeted me in response to a (nice) comment I made about Downton Abbey and the account looked pretty genuine.
15. To be added here
20. What sort of welcome will you receive?
People like to say really nice things about celebrities but they also like to say some pretty unkind things. If they say unkind things about you on the internet they'll do it on Twitter too.
Have a look at the comments about any well-known person on media sites like the Daily Mail (it’s often about women: how much weight they’ve gained or lost, or the dreadful events that might unfold because their dress is somehow ‘wrong’) or on YouTube or film review sites (including IMDb). Most people are probably politely indifferent to most famous people with a much smaller minority who are enthusiastic fans or haters, but unfortunately they’re usually the ones who pipe up. I wonder if anyone's done any research into the potentially negative mental-health effects that unkind comments might have... this blog post seems speculative (no links to any research) but some interesting points nonetheless. I wrote the preceding paragraph in 2012 and I'm fairly certain that in 2016 non-Twitter using famous folk are much more aware of the potentially negative aspects of the medium. Not surprisingly these loom much larger for those with greater visibility.
If people say mean things about you on the internet they’ll probably say it to your face on Twitter as well – and the entire exchange is public. People can see the messages you send by looking at your Twitter profile and they can see the messages people send to you by searching for your @mentions (replies that are sent to you). That shouldn’t necessarily stop someone from joining Twitter (people can write hurtful comments about you all over the internet whether or not you’re participating in the conversation) – in fact it might encourage you to join Twitter in order to let your good humoured wit shine through.
If someone says something unkind to you or about you on Twitter it’s probably best to ignore it, unless it’s threatening (Stan Collymore got rightly peeved with racist crap on Twitter) or libellous. Someone was recently (fairly mildly) rude about a well-known person and instead of simply ignoring it (sometimes the best option) or responding with an “oh well, never mind” reply* they asked their followers to respond to that person. Not surprisingly this backfired. While some did send retaliatory messages quite a few expressed concern at what was almost celeb-sanctioned bullying. Fortunately before it turned into too much of a ‘thing’ the celeb apologised and everyone was soon best pals again.
*The reply would be visible to others who looked at the celeb’s profile, but unlikely to draw much attention.
Edit (31 May 2012): Rebecca Adlington has announced that she'll forego Twitter during the London 2012 Olympics because she's concerned that the negative tweets she sometimes receives might affect her performance.
21. Some reasons not to be on Twitter / or at least 'things to be aware of'
Don't be pressured into tweeting
While I love Twitter (at time of editing I've just had my fourth Twitter 'birthday' on 23 June 2012) I might have a very different view of it if I was well known. I address some of these points in a bit more depth in other sections of this post but thought it might be an idea to collect them together. None of these should necessarily put anyone off joining Twitter but I think people need to know about the risks as well as the many benefits.
- A badly handled tweet or response to a tweet can be a very quick way to damage your reputation, but if better handled it can be good for rapid damage limitation (well obviously it depends...)
- Once you're on Twitter some people will expect you to respond to their enquiries (see Section 30) though most people understand that if you have lots of followers you can't reply to everyone, but it helps if you show willing and at least answer one or two people (see Sections 40 and 50).
- People will 'cc' you in their tweets, for a variety of reasons, so your mentions might get crowded out. You can at least tweak your options so that you only see tweets from the people you follow though.
- Plausible deniability - if you're not on Twitter you can have a look at it (eg http://twitter.com/search) , see what people say about you (both nice and mean) and can pretend you've not seen it!
- Twitter can seem like a baffling waste of time at first - and it can take some time for people to feel that they've 'got' it and there can be a time cost. This may or may not be time well spent.
- Twitter isn't compulsory.
- If you decide after trying it that it's not for you then you can simply stop tweeting. Much better to do that than announce that you are 'leaving Twitter' which just draws attention (unless that's what you want...)
"Are savvy celebrities deciding Twitter is becoming too much of a liability?
Celebrities have traditionally used handlers and publicists to protect them from fans and from themselves. But Twitter’s ability to connect them directly to their audiences has made it the garbage dump of choice for their every opinion and non sequitur.
In other words, it’s a public gaffe waiting to happen."
22. Trolls and bullies
When snarky comments go a bit too far
(added 3 November 2012, updated 2016) Anyone in the public eye using Twitter is likely to experience someone sending them an unkind message (see section 20). Sometimes though it goes much further and there have been some very high profile examples of harrassment and death threats.
Writer Graham Linehan commented on his own blog:
"Being able to locate someone--even on the other side of the world--who has suffered a bereavement, and whisper in their ear words calculated to break their heart, is a new chapter in our development, and I think we can all agree that the arrival of hyper-empowered bullies is far from being the most positive aspect of our current connectivity.
And “don’t feed the trolls” won’t cut it as a solution. That's just victim-blaming. Often it comes from people who have never had to deal with the level of abuse that many in the public eye receive, and never will. New rule: If you don’t experience it every day, you don’t get to tell anyone who does to suck it up."
23. Don't be a dick
Celebrities behaving badly / power disparity
(added 3 November 2012, updated 2016)
In addition to the inexcusable behaviour towards famous people by other users of Twitter there has also been some discussion about bad behaviour in the opposite direction.
For someone well-known on Twitter with a lot of followers there can be quite a massive power imbalance compared with someone with considerably fewer followers. This post is critical of celebrities turning their followers into an army to attack trolls - easily done unintentionally to be honest.
One way that people can share a reply to one named account more widely is to use the "dot at" convention in which a . is added before the @, so it looks like this ".@username". A tweet beginning with @username will be sent only to the username account (though it is visible on the sender's profile) but one beginning .@username is published on the sender's main timeline and is visible to all their followers. If the tweet is sent in reply then anyone clicking on it can see the threaded conversation. If a lot of people see the exchange and disagree then they might 'pile on' in response.
30. Do you chat to your friends or strangers on the internet already?
If you've not done anything like this before then feel free to take your time and get used to how the medium works, and how people conduct themselves, first.
I’ve been blethering to friends and strangers on the internet for over 20 years and so feel pretty marinated in 'netiquette' so for me Twitter was a natural extension and I joined to chat to the friends who were already there (the same reason for joining Facebook). While on Twitter I’ve enjoyed chatting to strangers many of whom have become real-life friends too.
Not everyone feels comfortable chatting ambiently to strangers on the internet though. If you’re not used to it then my advice would be to do the old fashioned thing of following a few friends, other well-known people, news resources that you’re interested in etc and see how it goes. Personally I think it’s better to jump straight in and get on with the tweeting but it’s entirely up to you how you use it.
I think everyone probably expects that you’ll just be chatting to your famous pals and everyone can watch the conversation unfold from the sidelines ;)
But it might be worth thinking how (or if) you’ll respond to people who send you comments and questions. Perhaps a good idea to pre-empt whining by being quite clear that you can’t reply to everyone.
31. How have your famous chums found using Twitter?
Consult your peer group of famous pals who started tweeting before you...
Everyone's experience (and use) of Twitter will be different but I can't help thinking that members of the famous people's club will give you a better idea than I can of what Twitter's really like, for people like you.
32. You are also sharing information about who you're friends with, or not friends with anymore
Friendships on Twitter are pretty public.
People who follow both you and your celeb pals will see, in their timeline, any messages you send to those friends (however if you contact them by direct message those messages can't be seen by the public). If you fall out with someone and stop tweeting each other everyone can see the absence of tweets too...
It's a very public medium (unless you have a protected account) and people can see:
- all of the tweets that you have sent, and to whom (by looking at your public timeline, but they can't see your direct messages)
- who you follow and who follows you
- what other people have said to you (whether or not you follow those people) by searching for messages sent to you (your @ mentions) or clicking on tweets that you've sent in reply to someone - which then brings up the whole conversation. This isn't weird or stalking, it's just how Twitter works - it lets you see a discussion thread.
- the tweets that you have favourited
Note that even having a protected (locked) account doesn't provide 100% privacy because people would be able to infer things about you or your activities from the responses sent to your tweets from other public accounts.
For example, your tweet sent to someone can't be seen if your account is private (only by the people that you've allowed to follow you) but if your famous pal (with a public account) responds:
" Hey great to see you last night at Chez MadeUp Restaurant, so glad you've sorted that thing with XYZ" then this is visible to anyone who looks at messages that have been sent to you. In short, on Twitter, your friends may be the weakest link ;)
See also Don't assume that your private Twitter account is all that private (by me, 7 Dec 2012)
33. Your privacy, again
Recently a Virgin Airlines employee resigned when it emerged that she'd sold flight details of people like Sienna Miller to paparazzi agencies so that they could plonk a photographer in the appropriate arrivals terminal - but even without that people can tweet that they've spotted you in restaurants and bookshops or at an airport or on their flight (have a search for some variation of just saw or just spotted [your or some other famous person's name] on Topsy.com).
They'll do this whether or not you're on Twitter but if they know your twitter name they might add it instead of writing out your name in full. This means you'll get a notification in your mentions that you were spotted. Not being famous myself this would probably spook me a bit but I'm sure you're used to the weirdness. See also #32.
If you'd rather not have people sending you random crap but still want to share your thoughts, then get a blog instead and switch off comments. Lots of people do that, although having (moderated) comments is a bit more interactive.
Why Celebrities Twitter (3 March 2009) suggests that by tweeting elements of their life celebs can steal a march on the paparazzi ;)
"These celebrity tidbits shared in 140-character blurbs on Twitter were once the paydirt of paparazzi who make their careers selling evidence of the bizarre and banal lives of the rich and famous. Now, the explosive growth of the microblogging platform means those starmongers have a new source of competition: the stars themselves."Even if you're not on Twitter yourself be aware that others might be live-tweeting your antics (reporting them in real-time), as happened when someone famous in the acting world chatted up someone else famous, though not known to him, from the world of modelling while they shared a plane journey. She relayed what he was saying and what he looked like and her Twitter fans used this information to confirm his identity and ultimately to embarrass him. I assume the man wasn't on Twitter himself (he may be) but this just highlights that an awful lot of people are, and some of them don't really know how to behave.
From a different world here's Paul Clarke noting the indiscreet chatter of people on his train.
Well done local newspaper execs on train. Reading all your staff's names and salaries out loud and scoffing at them. Publishable? Hmm?When I was a child my mother taught me never to say people's surnames in public if I was mentioning them...
— Paul Clarke (@paul_clarke) June 26, 2012
34. Watch out for fake accounts
Is that your friend or someone pretending to be them
A few people create fake accounts to impersonate someone famous. This might fool lots of the person's fans and I assume they enjoy having hordes of misled followers. But they might fool you too if you don't know it's not really your friend, so that could be a bit embarrassing. If you're not sure that the person you're talking to is your friend then check with them via some other non-Twitter method first before giving away any information.
A recent example is Danny Boyle (@DannyBoyleFilm) who gained a lot of followers during the Olympic opening ceremony and sent messages about the event, until people became suspicious. The account was shut down a day later (it was fake) but plenty of people were taken in, including some sports people and other well-known folk.
35. Your email address can (potentially) give you away
Be careful (or at least aware) what email address you use to create your Twitter account
If other people (friends, agents, lawyers) have your email address in their mail program's address book then they may be able to find your Twitter account, if you used that email address to create your account.
If your friend is on Twitter then they can authorise Twitter to access their email contact list and so can find out which of their chums / clients is also using the service. If you're in there, you'll show up. You may or may not want this. If you don't like this, and would prefer to be under the radar then make sure you untick the 'Let others find me by my email address' option in your account settings page (hat tip to Aerliss who told me about this), or use a disposable email address.
40. What will you tweet about?
Obviously there will be a bit of self-promotion but if that's all there is then that might be a bit "yawn".
Someone has put together a ten point list about using Twitter and item 6 suggests that people should post a mixture of broadcast-type tweets (where you just post something you're thinking about, perhaps with a link), replying to other tweets (by @mentions) and retweets (RTed tweets) as this is apparently an indication that you're actually communicating with people rather than just tweeting at them. I say post what you please, but remember you're part of a community.
I'm always amused when I see a suggestion as to the percentage of tweets which should be one type or another - puts me in mind of the Dead Poet's Society with the bit on the mathematics of poetry!
Edit: 20 March 2012 - Despite previously searching Google for advice to celebrities on Twitter I've only just found this excellent post, called Advice to celebrities on Twitter, which looks at the number of Twitter followers different types of celebrities have (uberfamous, household names, smaller stars) and notes that the people from Star Trek The Next Generation have much higher follower numbers than might be expected "considering their main show was canceled in – what, 1994?" and puts it down to the fact that they do occasionally interact with their followers. Not a scientific analysis but it's easy to warm to someone who appears friendly.
"In my opinion, this is a result of these celebrities not only being active on Twitter, but also using it as a two-way communication medium. They all communicate with their followers: I didn’t say they speak to everyone but they do talk rather than “broadcast”.
So my advice? Use Twitter as it’s meant to be used. I know you’re busy. We all are. But use Twitter as a two-way communication medium, respond to followers, interact with them. People appreciate not being ignored and want to “touch the stars”. Give it to them. They will appreciate it and you will feel the effect."
Source: Advice to Celebrities on Twitter (2010)
|Wil Wheaton, chatting to people|
50. Are you going to tweet or will it be "your people"?
Better if it's you, but if you tweet be prepared for people to tweet you back and quite possibly with expectations.
Some Twitter accounts are 'broadcast only' where the person ignores any messages and just posts their own. This is a bit of a shame but the only time this is really deemed OK is if you have a blog and just use your Twitter feed to highlight whenever you've published a new post, using the 'autopost' feature that I think all blog platforms have. But I think it's much more fun to be a bit chatty with people.
I think the FT blog quote below makes an interesting point.
"But [people] connect with celebrities for a different reason. Celebrity Twitter accounts provide a kind of intimacy with someone that would previously have been impossible. Whether that intimacy is real or not is irrelevant; the feeling of intimacy on the part of the follower is real. In this sense, celebrities have more to gain from Twitter than almost anyone because that sense of intimacy is not provided by conventional media. Ashton Kutcher and Alec Baldwin are both making mistakes. They probably will be able to recover from them – the half-life of these stories is short, after all – but in the short term, whether your fans feel close to you is still a big deal. Everyone is sharing one giant attention pie and anyone who abstains won’t be invited to the next party." Source: Should Twitter feeds be handled by PRs?In 'A rant to celebrities' (which specifically refers to celebrities' use of Google Plus, not Twitter) Linda Lawrey points out that making a bit of an effort to talk to at least some people is perhaps a good idea.
"So what makes someone interesting? Social engagement! Well, it's not the only thing that makes someone interesting but it IS extremely important! And from what I've seen there is little to zero social engagment taking place from big time celebrities that are on Google+.
It's no wonder why celebrities receive minimal comments and reshares on G+. Users want to interact with people who are REAL and GENUINE. What we DON'T want to see is PR managers promoting on behalf of a celebrity and we are quick to ignore celebrities who post then run off instead of sticking around to read and respond to the comments people left." Source: A rant to celebritiesSome good advice from @WynnAbbott who suggested that it's fine for people to tweet on your behalf but that this should be clear (transparency) either in the tweet itself or in the profile bio. Good examples include the Obamas (Michelle and Barack sign tweets that they've sent themselves with MO or BO) and Tom Cruise's account which clearly states that his account is run by his people but that he occasionally posts himself.
Section 60 discusses the formatting of tweets - jump to 70 if you know this already
60. How will you format your replies to people? Twitter etiquette
People new to Twitter often make a bit of a pig's ear of replying to tweets because they include the original tweet and don't make it clear which text belongs to the original tweeter and which is their own response. Please get this right :)
Some people will receive so many messages that they'll be unable to reply to everyone - most followers understand this.
If you click 'reply' to a message then you are responding to the person that sent the tweet, so type your response to them and press send. If you want to share the original tweet AND your response with ALL of your followers (that's fine) then you need to separate the two in some way, for example...
If someone sends you a tweet saying
nonfamoussomeone: Hey @famousceleb I love your work please will you send me a birthday message?Then you could reply with
"@nonfamoussomeone Hey @famousceleb I love your work please will you send me a birthday message?" Happy birthday :)or
Happy birthday :) "@nonfamoussomeone Hey @famousceleb I love your work please will you send me a birthday message?"In both cases the "..." makes it clear which is your message and which is the message that was sent to you. Putting any character before the @ means that all your followers can read it, if you only want to send it to one person make sure the @ is the first thing in the tweet (note that it is still possible for people to see this tweet if they visit your profile, the only secret tweets you can send need to start with the letter D for direct message). You can also use the term RT to highlight that you are ReTweeting that content, as in...
RT @nonfamoussomeone Hey @famousceleb I love your work please will you send me a birthday message? <-- Happy birthday :)or
Happy birthday :) RT @nonfamoussomeone Hey @famousceleb I love your work please will you send me a birthday message?In these cases the use of the RT makes the "..." redundant. You need to use something like <-- after the person's original tweet because if you just start typing your response then it's not clear who said what. You can also shorten the original tweet and, to make it clear that it's been changed, you can use MT for Modified Tweet/retweet, such as...
Happy birthday :) MT @nonfamoussomeone Hey @famousceleb please will you send me a birthday message?@DrChristian uses CAPITALS to differentiate his response from other tweets and when he's just posting his own tweet he uses letters of regular case. I can't say I like using capitals in this way but it does make it clear what's going on...
From reading a Quora answer on annoying things about Twitter, or annoying things that people do on Twitter I spotted this in one of the responses, which I'd not heard of before:
"Some relatively well-known persons insist on thanking people for RTing them - but on DM. Since they may not always be following you, and you can never DM them, this behaviour is the closest approximation to abuse of power on Twitter (ok that is hyperbole but..)."If someone's following you then you can send them a Direct Message, however if you're not following them then they can't reply. Nothing intrinsically awful about that and I personally wouldn't take against it in the way this commenter has, but they have a small point I suppose.
See also Twitter Etiquette by Dawn Foster.
70. Oops I shouldn't have tweeted that
Apologise quickly and try and move on is probably the best advice anyone can give I think.
I'm sure there are cases where even that won't work but deleting a tweet in the hope that people won't notice often fails. There are a number of tools that people can use to capture a tweet when it's visible or to extract it once it's recently deleted (eg Google cache) so assume that deletion alone won't work - and people enjoy the chase of finding a deleted tweet. If you delete an inappropriate tweet and apologise for it the chances are that should be the end of it.
"Clicking “Undo” on the internet is a good deal harder than you might think" (from link above)If people keep going on and on about it after that then you can probably justify blowing a few raspberries at them.
If you've had a few drinks you might want to step away from the Twitter enabled device though (suggested by @WynnAbbott)
By the way, never upload and send a picture by DM (Direct Message) - it doesn't work and the picture will be posted with your comment on the picture hosting site, although the message won't appear on your Twitter timeline.
80. Do not be alarmed if someone called the @thebloggess asks for a photo of you holding twine
She has a fantastic blog and as such occasionally gets PR pitches from people who want to encourage her to blog about their product. Occasionally these are good, well targeted pitches. And occasionally they're not. When they're not so good the PR people are sent to a photo of Wil Wheaton collating paper - he supplied this photo himself and it's turned into a good natured internet meme with @thebloggess collecting photos of well-known folk holding everyday items. If you're asked, complying sounds much more fun :)
90. Examples of where it's all gone a bit wrong
How to create a public-relations disaster: Cee Lo Green and Twitter (20 June 2011)
by Max Sparber
95. Examples of where it's gone right
Madonna (singer) and deadmau5 (DJ) had a bit of a public disagreement but seem to have sorted it all out via Twitter http://diffuser.fm/deadmau5-and-madonna-end-their-feud-via-twitter-summit/
100. Further reading
Many of these are cited in the post above, where I've remembered I've said which section something is referenced in.
Why Celebrities Twitter (3 March 2009) - referenced in the post above (in section 33)
Top Five Tips For Celebrities on Twitter (12 May 2009)
Advice to Celebrities on Twitter (30 May 2010) - referenced in the post above (in section 40)
The Industry Review blog
Do Celebrities “Get” Twitter? (5 April 2011)
by Jesse Noyes on Eloqua blog
A gentle introduction to Twitter for the apprehensive academic (14 June 2011)
Dorothy Bishop (@deevybee) writing on her BishopBlog
Aimed at academics but sensible advice for anyone.
Twitter Advice for Celebrities: 6 Tips for Improving Your Career (22 June 2011)
Emery Silva Strategies blog
"Here are a few tips on how Twitter will help entertainers fill their time and pockets"
Erin Andrews warns celebs: Tweet at your own risk (2 August 2011)
Twitter Etiquette (14 August 2011) - referenced in the post above (in section 60)
Dawn Foster's Posterous blog
A rant to celebrities (5 September 2011) - referenced in the post above (in section 50)
Linda Lawrey's Google+ page
Should Twitter feeds be handled by PRs? (14 December 2011) - referenced in the post above (in section 50)
How to think about social media (31 January 2012)
David Allen Green (@DavidAllenGreen @JackofKent) writing for the New Statesman
"But social media provides the means by which clusters of like-minded individuals can easily swap ideas and scrutinise data on public matters. In this way, social media users can hold politicians and media outlets to account in a manner not possible -- or conceivable -- until a few years ago. Instead of a politician saying something forgotten the day after, or a reporter's bylined piece being in next day's fish-and-chip paper, those involved in social media can pore over details and make connections weeks and months later. Transgressions can be linked to and accumulated. A speech or a byline can now come back and haunt you long after you have "moved on"."Celebrities Leave a Void In Twitter (18 July 2012) - referenced in the post above (in section 50)
New York Times
Twitter: Bad For Celebrities, Good For Porn Stars (19 July 2012) - referenced in the post above (in section 50)
A look at the conduct of [[prominent tweeters]] on Twitter (30 May 2012) - referenced in the post above (in section 22)
Finger-steepling and sharks blog
A few thoughts on the [I've redacted the name] 'Twitter troll' incident (1 August 2012) - referenced in the post above (in section 21)
Now That I Have Your Attention blog
110. Edit log
- 1 January 2013 - tidied a few things up, nothing too dramatic, updated PDF. published shortened version.
- 30 July 2012 - added PDF version! And updated with info about the fake @DannyBoyleFilm account and the live-tweeted couple breaking up on train.
- 22 July 2012 - added section 35 on 'leakiness' from email contacts
- 23 June 2012 - collected 'reasons not to tweet' together in section 21.
- 2 June 2012 - added link to Twitter Etiquette in section 60.
- 1 June 2012 - added link to comment on celebrities using Google+ in section 50.
- 7 April 2012 - reordered things quite a bit.
- 20 March 2012 - I did another Google search and uncovered this excellent 2010 blog post which I'd not spotted before and added it in to the main site: Advice to Celebrities on Twitter.
- 2 February 2012- added David Allen Green's recent New Statesman post which also reminded me that I should add Dorothy Bishop's one too. Both excellent. David's focuses on the legal aspects and regulation of social media (might be useful to avoid getting in to hot water) and Dorothy's is aimed at encouraging wary academics to dip a toe in social media and get their voice out there. Again, relevant to anyone thinking about using Twitter.
- 31 January 2012- @WynnAbbott made a couple of good suggestions about being clear whether you're tweeting or someone else is and annotating tweets to reflect this (amended section 5 above) and not tweeting when drunk (amended section 7).